Argan (argan oil)

Summary

Medicinal plant used mainly in the form of oil for various cosmetic and dermatological purposes, as well as for internal use in cases of hypercholesterolemia. Argan oil is also widely used for hair care in women.

names

Portuguese name: argania, argan (name of fruit)
Binomial name: Argania spinosa (L.) Skeels, 1911
French name: argane , argan, huile d’argan, arganier (tree)
English name: argan
German name: Arganbaum
Italian name : argania

Family

Sapotaceae

Constituents

– Vitamin E (tocopherol)
– Oleic acid (omega-9)
– Linoleic acid
Note: Oleic and linoleic acid have very moisturizing effects.
– Saponins (in seeds)
– Polyphenols
– Squalene
– Triterpene alcohol

parts used

– Fruit (argan) of the argan tree, to make oil in particular. Sometimes seeds are also used.
Observations: the fruits of the argan tree are green (see photos in this file). Argan oil has a honey or golden color.

properties

– Several actions on the skin: hydration.
– Hypocholesterolemic.

Indications

External and cosmetic use:
– Diseases or disorders of the skin: dry skin , acne , chickenpox eruptions , eczema , psoriasis . Brittle nails. Hair Care (Argan oil leads to lighter hydration that doesn’t weigh hair down. It also appears to improve the quality of hair that has been heavily colored or dyed, according to a study published in 2013 (DOI: 10.4236/jcdsa .2013.33A1006 ).

Internal use: 
Cholesterol (hypercholesterolemia) . Cardiovascular diseases (prevention).

Secundary effects

Photosensitization, be careful when exposed to the sun.

contraindications

Allergy to this plant. Sun exposure.

Interactions

None known.

Preparations

– Argan oil (pure). Drink, for example, 2 tablespoons of argan oil in the morning on an empty stomach (for indications for internal use, see above).

– Ointment, cream, argan oil based lotion. You can also apply argan oil directly to skin lesions (ask your pharmacist or doctor for a personalized dosage).

Where does argan grow?

Argania is a Moroccan tree that lives between 125 and 150 years on average, and can be found mainly between Essaouira and Sousse, along the Atlantic, as well as on the southern slopes of the Upper Altas and the Anti-Atlas.

When to harvest argan?

Argan fruit is harvested in Morocco in June and July.

Comments

– It is a typically Moroccan plant, increasingly used in various cosmetic and dermatological products. In Morocco, argan oil has been used for centuries. Argania is part of the Moroccan tradition and is important for the country’s economy, as products based on this plant are increasingly sold in Europe.

– Argan is also increasingly used in the kitchen, including by haute cuisine chefs.

– It is estimated 100kg of fruit to produce 1L of argan oil.

– To produce argan oil, the fruits must be crushed.

– Argan oil should never be fried.

– Try to get pure argan oil (usually in a dark glass bottle) to get the most out of it. In reality, some argan oil brands contain excessive amounts of fragrances and chemicals that can be irritating to the skin and hair, as the Cleveland Clinic explained in an August 2022 article.

Jeanne Kenney
 | Website

I’m a stylist trainer, a content creator, and an entrepreneur passion. Virgo sign and Pisces ascendant, I move easily between my dreams, the crazy world I want, and my feet on the ground to carry out my projects.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *