Aroeira (beach mastic)

Summary

Medicinal plant with anti-inflammatory, healing and antimicrobial effect. Mainly used in cases of vaginal mycoses (candidiasis). Aroeira da Praia is on the list of remedies offered by the SUS (Unified Health System) in Brazil.

names

Portuguese name: aroeira, aroeira-da-praia, mastic-red, aroeira-mansa, aroeira-pimenteira, poivre-rose
Binomial name: Schinus terebinthifolius Raddi, 1820
French name: faux-poivrier , aroeira
English name: Brazilian pepper tree, aroeira
German name: Brasilianische Pfefferbaum
Italian name: aroeira
Spanish name: aroeira, pimentero brasileño

Family

Anacardiaceae

Constituents

Schinol, masticadienoic acid, terebinthone, ursolic acid, cytosterol, triakon, simiarenol, and baurenone (terpenes, flavonoids, tannins, phenols).

parts used

Stem bark, berries

Effects

Healing, antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, topical antiseptic

Indications

– Wounds

– Vaginal mycoses (vaginitis, candidiasis)

– Hemorrhoids

– Stomatitis

Secundary effects

There is a risk of allergic reactions.

Scientific studies indicate that the ingestion of beach aroeia in high doses can be toxic.

contraindications

There are no studies that prove the safety of using mastic during pregnancy.

Interactions

None known.

Preparations

External use

– Decoction (1g of dried stem bark, 150mL of water – take a sitz bath three to four times a day)

– Gel vaginal

– Vaginal ovules

– alcoholic extract

Where does mastic grow?

The beach mastic is a tree native to tropical and subtropical areas of Latin America. Usually found on the banks of rivers, streams and in humid floodplains, but it also grows in dry and poor soils. It occurs in Cerrado, Atlantic Forest and Pampa.

When to harvest?

Never remove the bark from the entire circumference of the tree.

Comments

– The bark of the beach mastic is popularly used to treat ulcers, respiratory problems, wounds, rheumatism, gout, diarrhea, skin problems and arthritis. The fruits are used in cooking as pepper.

– A clinical study published in 2003 in the Brazilian Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics, carried out with 48 women, demonstrated that mastic vaginal gel is effective and safe for the treatment of bacterial vaginosis. In addition to having potential beneficial effects on the vaginal flora, due to the increase in lactobacilli.

– The beach mastic (Schinus terebinthifolius Raddi) is often confused with the sertão mastic (Myracrodruon urundeuva Allemão). The two plants are effective in the treatment of stomach problems, such as stomach ulcers, however toxicity studies of the ingestion of beach mastic are contradictory, therefore we do not recommend it for this purpose.

– Aroeira is on the list of remedies offered by the SUS (Unified Health System) in Brazil. The list had 810 items (drugs, vaccines, herbal remedies,…) as of March 2012.

Jeanne Kenney
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I’m a stylist trainer, a content creator, and an entrepreneur passion. Virgo sign and Pisces ascendant, I move easily between my dreams, the crazy world I want, and my feet on the ground to carry out my projects.

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