Artichoke

Summary

Medicinal plant that protects the liver, used against liver problems such as gallstones, poor digestion, or even in case of cirrhosis. It is presented in the form of capsules.

names

Portuguese name: artichoke, cachofra
In Arabic artichoke means “thorny plant”
Binomial name: Cynara scolymus L. (synonym: Cynara cardunculus L.)
French name: artichaut
English name: Artichoke
German name: Artischocke
Italian name: carciofo

Family

Asteraceae

Constituents

– Phenolic acids: cynarin, chlorogenic acid
– Bitter principles
– Flavonoids

parts used

Sheets

properties

Hepatoprotective, choleretic (stimulates bile production), cholagogue (stimulates bile elimination), antioxidant

Indications

Liver problems, liver disease ( gallstones ), dyspepsia (digestive disorder) and symptoms of functional dyspepsia (postprandial discomfort syndrome), irritable bowel syndrome , bloating, nausea , jaundice (yellowing), cirrhosis, stomach pain , cholesterol (mild to moderate hypercholesterolemia) .

Secundary effects

Gastrointestinal problems such as mild diarrhea (rare adverse effects).

contraindications

Plant allergy. Pregnancy and breastfeeding.

Interactions

Diuretics, vitamin K antagonists (eg warfarin, acenocoumarol, dicoumarol).

Preparations

– Artichoke capsules or tablets. Usually take 1 capsule or 1 tablet 3 times a day with meals.

– drops

– Infusion

– Decoction

– Extract

– artichoke juice

Where does the artichoke grow?

Artichokes grow best in warm areas. The artichoke plant reaches a height of between 50 and 150 cm. It is a biennial plant.

When to harvest the artichoke?

The leaves and artichoke heads are harvested in early summer (southern Brazil). Flowering occurs in Europe from April to August.

– The artichoke, thanks in particular to the active ingredient cynarin (a phenolic acid), is a plant used in herbal medicines mainly for its protective effect on the liver. In a special July 2020 issue of the French journal Science & Vie published on medicinal plants, which studied the effectiveness of 77 medicinal plants, the artichoke was considered a plant with probable effectiveness in difficult digestion, detoxification and intestinal disorders in general. To reach this conclusion, the French journal relied on a meta-analysis published on October 22, 2018 in the journal Phytotherapy Research (DOI: 10.1002/ptr.6213 ) based on 39 articles published on artichoke ( artichoke in English).

– Italian alcohol Cynar is made from artichoke leaves, but this alcohol also includes many other aromatic plants.

– The artichoke is on the list of remedies offered by the SUS (Unified Health System) in Brazil. 

– A cooked artichoke has a high number of soluble dietary fibers. These are known to reduce the level of bad cholesterol (LDL). Soluble dietary fiber is believed to form a gel-like substance that has the ability to bind to cholesterol to promote its elimination. Increasing your daily fiber intake by 5 to 10 grams lowers cholesterol levels by about 5%.

Jeanne Kenney
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I’m a stylist trainer, a content creator, and an entrepreneur passion. Virgo sign and Pisces ascendant, I move easily between my dreams, the crazy world I want, and my feet on the ground to carry out my projects.

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