Chamomile

Summary

Medicinal plant used internally against spasms and digestive problems, and externally as a disinfectant and healing agent. It can be found in infusion, compresses or solution.

names

Portuguese name: chamomile, common chamomile, German chamomile, chamomile, German chamomile
Binomial name: Matricaria recutita (L.) Rauschert
The name Matricaria is derived from the Latin mater for “mother” or “matrix” . . Chamomilla comes from the Greek chamai for dwarf and melon for apple.
French name: camomille vraie , matricaire, camomille allemande
English name: camomile
German name: Echte Kamille
Italian name: camomilla , camomilla vera
Spanish name:  manzanilla

Family

Asteraceae (Asteraceae)

Constituents

Essential oil (camazulene, bisabolol), matricin, flavonoid, coumarin, tannins.

parts used

Dried flowers (chamomile flowers) or dried flower heads.

Effects

Antiphlogistic, healing, spasmolytic, antiallergic, antibacterial, antifungal, calming, sleep aid.

Indications

In internal use (infusion)
– Digestive problems (ulcers-acidity,  nausea and vomiting ,  gastroenteritis ,  Crohn’s disease ,  irritable bowel syndrome ,  infantile colic )

–  Colds , sleep disturbances (slight sleep effect) , nervousness (slight calming effect), menstrual cramps , hay fever , allergy , cancer (possible effect, read in Notes below), anxiety (in essential oil in the form of diffusion or tea ),

For external use (bath, essential oil, ointment, compress)
–  Eczema , dry skin , psoriasis , mouth and wound washes and disinfection, red eyes, certain conjunctivitis , wounds (to promote healing), hemorrhoids , hair care and also to lighten hair (see remedy: chamomile decoction), carpal tunnel syndrome  (in essential oil form, also read Information below).

Secundary effects

Risk of allergic reaction. In case of overdose: insomnia, nausea. Read the medication leaflet.

contraindications

Allergy to chamomile (especially essential oil). Read the medication leaflet.

Interactions

we do not know

Preparations

– Chamomile infusion 

– Chamomile decoction (to lighten hair)

– Chamomile liquid solution, to make sitz baths against hemorrhoids

– Tincture

– Ointment or ointment

– Chamomile essential oil. Attention to the possible risk of allergies.

– Poultice of chamomile flowers

– foot bath

– Capsules, the dosage often reaches 500 to 1,000 mg of dried chamomile flowers, to be administered 2 to 3 times a day

– Chamomile inhalation

Chamomile inhalation preparation (according to Claude Roggen, see references below):

– Pour water at 70 o C over the chamomile flowers, cover your head with a towel and inhale. Indicated during cold or sinusitis.

– Chamomile oil (attention, different from essential oil), for use in friction, for example, during contusion or rheumatism.

Chamomile oil preparation (according to Claude Roggen, see references below):

– Macerate handfuls of fresh chamomile flowers in quality olive oil, leave them in the sun for 10 days. Filter and then bottle. Apply against inflammation (rheumatism).

– Na espagiaria.

Where does chamomile grow?

Chamomile grows in Europe and also in the South and Southeast of Brazil.

Commercially, chamomile is mainly cultivated in some Eastern European countries, such as Slovakia or Hungary. Egypt and Argentina are also among the chamomile producing countries.

Chamomile reaches a height of between 10 and 50 cm.
In Europe, you can find chamomile, for example, on the edges of trails or in fields.
She is an annual plant.

When does chamomile bloom?

Chamomile usually blooms in summer.

Comments

– According to research from January 2005, chamomile would also have positive effects in curing colds and menstrual cramps. It is one of the most used plants in herbal medicine, as it has versatility and can be effective in many complications ranging from digestion problems to sleep disorders and menstruation problems.

– Scientific studies have partially proven the calming and sleeping effect of chamomile. Therefore, for this indication, it is preferable to use a larger dose of chamomile (3 tablespoons or 3 sachets) and cover the infusion with a lid for 10 minutes (see : chamomile tea).

– In Mexico, chamomile tea is often used in digestive problems such as: colic, gastroenteritis, spasms and diarrhea.

– In June 2015, a study conducted with Native Americans or those of Mexican descent over the age of 65 showed that regular consumption of chamomile tea led to a reduction in mortality among women. However, researchers at the University of Texas Medical Branch who conducted this study did not find a reduction in mortality among men consuming chamomile. Scientists do not know the origin of this difference, a hypothesis stems from the fact that women consume chamomile tea more regularly than men.

– In a small Greek study published in April 2015 in the European Journal of Public Health , regular consumption of chamomile tea was correlated with a decreased risk of thyroid cancer. Currently, researchers are not in a position to clearly state that chamomile tea has an effect on preventing thyroid cancer, but it is possible to observe a correlation. In other words, people who consumed chamomile tea over a long period had a lower risk of developing this type of cancer.

Chamomile, combined with the Mediterranean diet , may be the cause of this decreased risk of cancer. The study found that consuming sage tea also led to a decreased risk of cancer, but not as much as chamomile tea. In Greece, about 1.6 people per 100,000 population are diagnosed with thyroid cancer each year, versus 13.2 people in the United States and 5.2 people in Europe per 100,000 population. Flavonoids, found in chamomile tea, may be behind this protective effect against cancer.

– In the Middle Ages, chamomile was an important plant in the medicinal plant gardens of monasteries. A few centuries before, chamomile was also used by the ancient Egyptians and Greeks, in the case of the latter its use also included cases of fever.

– In Spanish, chamomile is called a little apple:  manzanilla . Chamomile flowers sometimes have an apple scent, which explains the origin of the Spanish name.

– According to an Iranian study, carried out in 2015 by the Fasa University of Medical Sciences, in Fasa (Iran), chamomile essential oil (in English oil ) makes it possible to reduce symptoms and functional status in patients with severe manifestations of  Down syndrome carpal tunnel . This research, in a double-blind method with placebo control, was carried out with 26 people with carpal tunnel syndrome in an advanced or severe stage. This study was published in the scientific journal  Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice  in November 2015.
Read the research summary in English here

– A University of Pennsylvania study showed that in people suffering from mild to moderate generalized anxiety, a chamomile extract was more effective in reducing symptoms than a placebo, as noted by the American journal Prevention in 2019.

Jeanne Kenney
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I’m a stylist trainer, a content creator, and an entrepreneur passion. Virgo sign and Pisces ascendant, I move easily between my dreams, the crazy world I want, and my feet on the ground to carry out my projects.

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