Chilli pepper


Hyperemic medicinal plant used externally in case of rheumatic conditions, it can be found in the form of ointment, poultice or compress.


Portuguese Name: Chili Pepper, Cayenne Pepper, Cayenne Pepper
Scientific Name: Capsicum frutescens  Capsicum annuum L. (formerly known as Capsicum frutescens L.)
English Name: Capsicum Frutescens
French Name: Cayenne poivre , piment
English Name: Cayenne pepper , Capsicum, Chilli pepper
German Name: Cayenne-Pfeffer , Chili
Italian Name: pepe di Cayenna ,  peperoncino
Spanish Name: chili , chile , pimiento , pimienta de Cayena


Solanaceae (Solanaceae)
Note that in the world there are more than 1,500 varieties of the genus Capsicum .


Capsaicin, essential oils , vitamin C.

parts used

Ripe and dry fruit

Chili pepper effects

External use:
Hyperemic, anti-itching.

Internal use:
Stimulating gastrointestinal secretions.

Chili pepper indications

External use (ointments, tinctures, hot compress, poultice):
– Rheumatism: mainly acute muscle pain , arthritis , arthrosis , muscle pain and tension
– Back pain
– Itching
– Herpes Zoster
Note: For ointments: capsaicin concentration of about from 0.01% to 0.025% .

Capsaicin effect:

In external use, capsaicin is absorbed by the skin and binds to specific receptors that act by reducing a substance responsible for transmitting pain to the brain. Indirectly, capsaicin acts as a pain reliever.

Internal use:
– Gastrointestinal problems, traveler’s disease (nausea), diabetes

Secundary effects

Internal use:
Diarrhea, gastrointestinal problems.

External use:
Redness, allergies, irritation, burns. These side effects usually appear during the first few applications and then subside over time. If redness and irritation persist, it is advisable to stop the cayenne pepper treatment.


plant allergy


we do not know

Pepper-based preparations

– Chili pepper based compress

– Chilli ointment (e.g. prepared by a pharmacist)

– Chili pepper plaster

– chili pepper powder

– Chili pepper infusion

Where does chili pepper grow?

Chili peppers grow in warm climates such as Mexico and South America. It is possible to grow it in Europe and North America (eg Quebec). It can be grown indoors. Currently, the two main producers of chili pepper (from the species Capsicum annuum ) are India and China.

When to harvest the peppers (chilli)?

Peppers are harvested in summer when they are ripe. Once harvested, dry them in the shade.


– The use of ointments based on chilli pepper, often prepared by the pharmacist based on a medical prescription, can be very effective in cases of arthritis and in particular in the case of back pain (according to a clinical study from 2006 carried out in Canada). To prepare a chili ointment, the pharmacist adds chili pepper powder or essential oil to an ointment base. This plant can also be used in the form of plasters and oily lotions.
Capsaicin, the active principle of chili pepper, is responsible for the analgesic effect in cases of rheumatism.
The recommended duration of treatment for rheumatism, such as arthritis, is often 6 to 8 weeks.

– A study published at the end of 2009 by the University of Ulsan in South Korea showed that the internal use of chili powder has a positive effect against diabetes. It is also the substance capsaicin that has this medicinal effect.

Pepper and obesity, action on the feeling of satiety
– Researchers at the Center for Nutrition and Gastrointestinal Diseases at the University of Adelaide in Australia, published a study in August 2015 in the journal Plos ONE on the effects of pepper on obesity. Australian scientists discovered that a diet rich in fats could disturb important receptors located in the stomach, which send a signal of satiety to the brain. They studied the action of a substance, capsaicin, found in pepper (eg in the species Capsicum frutescens L.), on receptors called TRPV1 located in the stomach.
– Scientists have observed that the stomach expands when it is full, which activates the nerve signals that tell the brain that enough food has been ingested (satiety). Activation of this process is done through TRPV1 receptors, which are mainly activated by capsaicin, found in pepper. Inhibition of these receptors or desensitization by fatty foods causes a delay in the onset of satiety. Then, the person consumes more food, which causes weight gain. Pepper can be used in weight loss and may lead to the discovery of new drugs. It is advisable to eat pepper every day in cases of overweight or obesity. [Source: University of Adelaide press release, August 2015]

– In Mexico, pepper is used in traditional medicine against toothache. In the past, the Mayans used chili pepper to treat infections and the Aztecs precisely against toothache.

– Pepper is a spice native to tropical and subtropical regions of the Americas. The chili pepper was first described by the Spanish team of Christopher Columbus in 1493 (15th century), it is noted that Christopher Columbus was Italian, but worked for the Spanish crown. The Portuguese then introduced the spice to India and Africa during the 16th century. Chili peppers are widely used in many culinary cultures, such as Mexican cuisine (in Spanish it is called chili or chili, particularly chili con carne), Indian, and Italian.

Criticisms about the use of capsaicin
The leading French journal Prescrire   periodically publishes a list of drugs marketed in France and in the European Union, but which should be avoided because the risk-benefit ratio is not favorable. Capsaicin indicated against neuropathic pain, a molecule that can be found in the 2017 Prescrire list , would not be more effective than placebo and could cause side effects such as severe pain or burns.

Jeanne Kenney
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I’m a stylist trainer, a content creator, and an entrepreneur passion. Virgo sign and Pisces ascendant, I move easily between my dreams, the crazy world I want, and my feet on the ground to carry out my projects.

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