Diabetes

Introduction about diabetes

Diabetes is a group of metabolic diseases characterized by high concentration of glucose (sugar) in the blood, a consequence of the lack of capacity of the human body to use or manufacture insulin. Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas that allows cells to absorb sugar.
Glucose is the main source of energy for the body.
The main symptoms of diabetes are excessive thirst and frequent urination.
We mainly distinguish two types of diabetes: type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes (the most frequent – ​​90% of diabetes cases). We emphasize that the disease can also appear during pregnancy, called gestational diabetes, often revealed between the 24th and 28th week of pregnancy.

diabetes epidemiology

– Worldwide, there were an estimated 463 million adults with diabetes in 2019, or 9.3% of the world’s adult population, according to the Internal Diabetes Federation ‘s Atlas of Diabetes (more information: link available Nov. 2019 ) based in Brussels, Belgium. In 2017 there were 38 million more adults who had diabetes than in 2019. This report was released on November 14, 2019, World Diabetes Day. This 2019 report indicates that more than half (50.1%) or 231 million adults are undiagnosed, meaning they are unaware they have the disease. Type 2 diabetes accounts for about 90% of all people with diabetes.

– In 2011, diabetes would have generated worldwide revenue of 39.2 million dollars for the pharmaceutical industry, according to IMS Health. The global sales revenue of the pharmaceutical industry in 2011 was about 800 million dollars. The proportion of diabetes is approximately 5%, but this percentage appears to be constantly increasing.– In the United States, a study published in February 2013 showed that about 12% (1 inhabitant in 8) of the American population would be affected by type 2 diabetes. mainly by the National Institute of Diabetes, Digestife and Kidney Diseases , has shown that 12 to 14% of Americans have diabetes. This same study showed that 38% of Americans have pre-diabetes. In other words, about 50% of the US population suffers from diabetes or pre-diabetes.
Also in the United States, a study published in August 2014 in the medical journal “The Lancet” showed that about 40% of the adult population, two out of five North Americans, will develop type 2 diabetes. and women) or black women have a risk of developing this type of diabetes greater than 50%.

In 2017, a study by the Centers of Disease Control and Prevention  (CDC) also found that 12% of Americans were affected by diabetes. Also according to the CDC, among people diagnosed with diabetes, about 1 third receive insulin in injectable form.

– In May 2012, the WHO published, for the first time, global data on people with hyperglycemia (high blood glucose, not necessarily diabetes). The average prevalence of the disease in the world is established at around 10% (approximately 700 million people) and up to a third of the population in some countries such as the Pacific Islands.

– In Brazil, there are no exact numbers but it is estimated that more than 10 million people suffer from diabetes.

– According to research published in the scientific journal  The Lancet , dated April 2016, in 2014, it was estimated that 4.9% of British women suffered from diabetes, against 6.6% of men.

Read our articles on diabetes:

– type 1 diabetes

– type 2 diabetes

– gestational diabetes

–  prediabetes

Sources & references: Internal Diabetes Federation
Atlas of Diabetes (more information: link available November 16, 2019 ), The Lancet

Responsible person involved in the writing of this file:
Xavier Gruffat (pharmacist and editor-in-chief of Create health.com.br).

Jeanne Kenney
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I’m a stylist trainer, a content creator, and an entrepreneur passion. Virgo sign and Pisces ascendant, I move easily between my dreams, the crazy world I want, and my feet on the ground to carry out my projects.

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