Medicinal plant used against colds (flower), fever (flower), cough (fruits), congestion (flower). It is often presented in the form of herbal tea or syrup.


Portuguese name: elderberry, elderberry, black elderberry, elderberry, European elderberry, European elderberry, elderflower
Binomial name: Sambucus nigra L.
French name: Sureau , sureau noir
English name: elder (elderberries)
Name German: schwarzen Holunder
Italian name: sambuco




Flavonol glycosides (flavonoids and glycosides), steroids, tannins, fatty acids, alkaloids, essential oils (especially in flowers), triterpenes, vitamin C.

parts used

Flowers and berries. In folk medicine, especially in Germany, elderberry root and bark are or were used during rheumatism.


Febrifuge (diaphoretic or sudorific: helps perspire) (flower) , diuretic (flower) , anti-cough (fruit or berry),  antioxidant.


Fever (flowers) ,  cough (fruits or berries) , cold (flowers and fruits) , sore throat and some viral conditions (fruits or berries and flowers), rhinitis .

Secundary effects

we do not know


we do not know


we do not know

Elderberry-based preparations

– Infusion 

– Syrup  ( Elderberry Syrup )

– Reply

– Capsules (for example, for rhinitis in adults)

– Mother tincture (for example, for rhinitis  in adults)

– Juice (always used in folk medicine against constipation and also against headaches)

Where does elderberry grow?

Elderberry grows throughout Europe, Asia and also in southern Brazil. The elderberry has the form of a small tree (shrub) a few meters high. It can grow in the plains, but also in the mountains (for example, in the Alps).
He likes sunny places, so he can be found mainly on the edges.

When to harvest elderberry?

Elderberry flowers are usually harvested in spring (October-December) and fruits or berries in autumn (April-June in Brazil, in Switzerland from October-November and in the United States from August to September).


– You can prepare or buy an infusion or a syrup based on elderberry , as it is very effective against the ailments that we have already mentioned. In addition, elderberry can be easily found in nature, especially in Europe, which facilitates home preparation. Formerly, in Europe, it was called “medicine of the poor”, because in addition to being found quite easily, it helps in the treatment of countless ailments without great expense.

– Elderberry (in the form of a flower) is a medicinal plant recognized by the WHO to treat rhinitis . Elderberry has a stimulating effect on perspiration when taken, for example, at the onset of rhinitis . It is estimated that elderberry can dry the nasal mucosa and thus decrease the runny nose. Children can have tea and adults can have more concentrated preparations such as capsules or mother tincture.

– You should avoid using old leaves orally, because they contain a toxic cyanogenic glycoside (hydrocyanic acid). It is possible to use the older leaves externally as in a poultice.

– To consume elderberry fruits and berries, they must be ripe. Some side effects may occur, such as nausea and vomiting, or diarrhea and sometimes confusion. Also, avoid eating the fruit (berries) fresh. Indeed, the berries should preferably be cooked, as in the case of a syrup, for example.

– Already in the fourth century before Christ, the famous Greek physician Hippocrates recommended the elderberry for the cure of different diseases.

Jeanne Kenney
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I’m a stylist trainer, a content creator, and an entrepreneur passion. Virgo sign and Pisces ascendant, I move easily between my dreams, the crazy world I want, and my feet on the ground to carry out my projects.

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