Fennel is a medicinal plant used against digestive problems, against coughs, and also to encourage breastfeeding. It can usually be found in infusion.


Portuguese name: fennel, green anise, anise, anise
Binomial name: Pimpinella anisum L.
French name: anis , anis vert
English name: Anise, Aniseed
German name: Aneis , Anis
Italian name: anice verde


Umbellifera (Apiaceae)


Essential oils (anethole in more than 87%, tarragon), fatty oil, flavonoids, vitamin C, iron, calcium, zinc.

parts used

Fennel fruits (fennel seeds), essential oil.


Aromatic, bechic, expectorant, galactogogue, stomachic, antibacterial.


For internal use (drops, tablets) :
Gastrointestinal disorders: dyspepsia, colic, productive cough, bronchitis , lactation (with fennel), swelling.

In external use (inhalation in essential oil) :
Productive cough

Secundary effects

Possibly allergy problems, skin problems, gastrointestinal problems: please read the leaflet.


Allergy to the plant, pregnancy (in internal use of essential oil), diverticulitis.


We don’t know.


– Fennel infusion

– fennel tincture

– Fennel essential oil (for external use against head lice)

Where does fennel grow?

Fennel grows in Southern Europe, South America and many other regions of the world. The plant reaches a height of between 30 and 60 cm. Flowering occurs in Europe from June to August. It is an annual plant, that is, it does not last for one year.

When to harvest fennel?

Fennel fruits are harvested in autumn.

plant it yourself

Fennel needs a warm, protected environment. This plant is multiplied by division or by seeds. A pot culture on a south-facing balcony is a good solution in the European zone.


– According to our research, fennel, thanks to its essential oil content, is effective against certain digestive problems, so it is therefore a good natural alternative, but it should not be used as an essential oil during pregnancy.

Criticism of effectiveness:
A special issue of the French journal Science & Vie on medicinal plants published in July 2020 estimated that the effect of fennel against minor digestive disorders has not yet been demonstrated, due to the lack of published scientific studies, including clinical trials. Science & Vie relied on an analysis by the European Committee for Herbal Medicinal Products. There are studies carried out in vitro and in animals that show an antispasmodic effect of fennel.

Jeanne Kenney
 | Website

I’m a stylist trainer, a content creator, and an entrepreneur passion. Virgo sign and Pisces ascendant, I move easily between my dreams, the crazy world I want, and my feet on the ground to carry out my projects.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *