Herpes is a benign disease caused by the Herpes simplex virus 1 and 2 and variants that mainly affects mucous areas, genital regions, skin and mouth, but which can cause some neurological complications.
Herpes is very contagious and recurrent. The virus that causes herpes has the characteristic of injuring epithelial cells or remaining latent in neurons, where they are reactivated by factors such as stress, fever, sun, menstrual period, hormonal changes, exposure to certain medications, among others. The virus is transmitted mainly through personal contact.
Many people infected by the virus do not complain of symptoms, however, some may have systemic symptoms such as high fever, multiple wounds in the epithelium and genitalia, which can reach the larynx, pharynx and deeper regions, encephalitis, among others.

Diagnosis is usually made by the patient’s clinical history and examination of the lesions caused by the virus. Treatment can be based on acyclovir.

Prevention is done by avoiding contact with patients and with apparent injuries. Identifying the causes that trigger outbreaks and reactivations of the virus also helps to avoid the disease. Use of sunscreen reduces the incidence of sun-related herpes.

There are several types of illnesses caused by the virus:

Herpes labialis
Herpes labialis affects regions of the mucous membrane of the mouth. Some symptoms felt in this case are burning and itching of the lips, swelling and blisters. After the blisters burst, they dry up and the wound heals.

To learn more about cold sores, read: Cold sores

Genital herpes
In this case, the lesions are located in the genital regions, both in the epidermis and in the mucosa, and may also occur in the anus. Genital rashes occur more frequently in people infected with the Herpes simplex virus type 2.

To learn more about genital herpes, read: Genital herpes

Herpes zoster
Herpes zoster is popularly known as shingles or shingles. It is a recurrent illness from the activation of the varicella-zoster virus, which also causes chickenpox. The disease is characterized by the appearance of lesions on the skin. Before these injuries, patients report feeling pain and tingling.

To learn more about shingles, read: Herpes zoster

Chickenpox Chickenpox
, or chickenpox, is a disease caused by the varicella-zoster virus, also known as HHV3 ( human herpes virus 3). It is an acute and common infectious disease in childhood. The disease is characterized by rashes, with initial symptoms of fever and skin eruptions.

To learn more about chickenpox, read: Chickenpox

Jeanne Kenney
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I’m a stylist trainer, a content creator, and an entrepreneur passion. Virgo sign and Pisces ascendant, I move easily between my dreams, the crazy world I want, and my feet on the ground to carry out my projects.

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