Oat

Summary

Medicinal plants, or rather, cereal rich in various nutrients such as dietary fiber, oats are indicated, for example, in cases of excess cholesterol and as a poultice during bronchitis. Oats are also widely used in cosmetics (eg mask, scrub).

names

Portuguese name: oats, common oats
Binomial name: Avena sativa L.
Note: the term avena (oats) comes from the Sanskrit avasa , which means “food, fodder”, sativa is the past participle in Latin of the verb Sero which means “sow, plant”.
French name: avoine cultivé , flocons d’avoine
English name: Common Oat
German name: Saat-Hafer, Echter Hafer
Italian name: avena

Family

Poaceae (grasses)

Constituents

– Vitamins (biotin,..)
– Proteins and amino acids (tryptophan)
– Phytic acid
– Triterpene saponins
– Dietary fiber

parts used

– Seeds or fruits (caryopses). The grains (fruits) are usually consumed in the form of flour or flakes.

Effects

– Emollient, restorative (from a nutritional point of view), diuretic

Indications

For internal use (tea-infusion, grains – flour – flake): 
– Cough (in the form of tea), constipation – constipation (in the form of tea), cholesterol (in the form of grain, flour or flake), insomnia – due to its tryptophan content (in the form of grain, flour or flake).

For external use (bath, poultice, mask, scrub):
– Respiratory disorders such as bronchitis (in the form of a poultice), rheumatic pain (in the form of a poultice), cholesterol (e.g. in flakes), dry skin (in the bath, read recipe below), acne (like blackheads), as well as oily skin (in short, read recipe below).

Secundary effects

None known.

contraindications

None known.

Interactions

None known.

Preparations

– Oat flakes or grains (or flour)

– Oat tea (infusion)

– Decoction of oats

– Oat poultice

– Oatmeal bath (count a cup of oat flakes or grains, mix the oats and powder in a breathable cotton bag, place the bag in the bathtub, squeeze the bag, stay submerged in the bath for at least 15 minutes. This bath helps fight dry skin1).

– Oatmeal mask (for example, use 20 g of flour or flakes in 100 g of natural yogurt with a tablespoon of honey, mix all the ingredients and apply the mask to your face with your hands or with a brush after moistening your face with warm water (apply the mask for about 20 minutes). Then rinse with warm water. If possible, repeat the application of the mask 2 or 3 times a week. This mask helps to eliminate blackheads and fight oily skin2).

– Oatmeal scrub (for example, use a tablespoon of oat flour, two tablespoons of salt and a tablespoon of olive oil, mix everything in a bowl and apply directly to the face massaging. Then rinse with water lukewarm, repeat once a week.An ideal cosmetic preparation to purify the skin3).

Where does oats grow?

Oats grow in different regions of the world, northern countries like Canada seem particularly suitable for growing cultivated oats. The exact origin of oats is unknown, probably a large area between Egypt on the one hand and India and China on the other. Oats can reach about 1.5m in height.

When to harvest oats?

Oats can be harvested in different seasons, they are usually winter or spring cereals. Usually oats are sown in autumn and flowering in spring and early summer. The seeds (and chaff) are harvested at the end of the plant’s life cycle.

Comments

– Oats are an important cereal mainly for animals (fodder), in some regions it is an important source of protein. It should be noted, however, that oats have declined in importance as a source of protein for animals over the past 50 years. Corn, soybeans and barley seem to be being used more.

– Oats, rich in soluble dietary fiber , reduce the absorption of bad cholesterol by the intestine and therefore act favorably in hypercholesterolemia. Oats are widely consumed in the form of flakes, the famous oat flakes.

Jeanne Kenney
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I’m a stylist trainer, a content creator, and an entrepreneur passion. Virgo sign and Pisces ascendant, I move easily between my dreams, the crazy world I want, and my feet on the ground to carry out my projects.

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