Papaya

Summary

Medicinal plant with antioxidant, digestive, nutritious effect and widely used in diets, due to its low caloric value and high nutritional value. Its internal use is through cooking, syrups, infusions, macerations, among others. Its external use is through the use of the pulp of the fruit and the furrow of the leaves applied directly to the skin.

names

Portuguese name: Papaya, papaya, ababaia, papaya, papaya, papaya, papaya, papaya, amazon papaya, pinoguaçu, Cárica
Latin name: Carica papaya
French name: papaye
English name: papaya
German name: Papaya
Italian name: papaya
Spanish name: papayo, papaya, marmón, mamén, arbol de melón, zapote

Family

Caricaceae

Constituents

Papain, carpain, citric acid, hydrocyanic acid, malic acid, mucilage, Betacarotenes, resin, serotonin, rich in mineral salts such as calcium, phosphorus, iron, sodium and potassium; vitamin A, vitamin C.

parts used

Leaves, roots, flowers, fruit sap and leaves, fruits

Effects

– Fruit: anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, nutritious, digestive, diuretic, emollient, laxative, refreshing, oxidizing, anti-inflammatory.

– Latex: anthelmintic, combats false throat membranes, calluses, warts, vermifuge, healing.

– Male papaya flowers: expectorant and anti-inflammatory

– Seeds: vermifuge, anticancer effects, if chewed they favor bile excretion, act against liver diseases, and ‘clean’ the stomach.

– Roots: renal hemorrhages, anthelmintics.

– Leaves: digestive, vermifuge.

Indications

Worms, rheumatism, indigestion, constipation, diabetes, hoarseness, cough, bronchitis, tracheitis, laryngitis, asthma, jaundice, chest diseases, angina, degenerative diseases, gastroenteritis, colitis, constipation, irritable colon, gastritis, among other digestive diseases , eczema, warts, ulcers, sores, prevention of mental and physical degenerative diseases.

Secundary effects

Its latex can cause dermatitis.

contraindications

Some substances contained in papaya can suppress the effects of the hormone progesterone in women, causing miscarriages. For this reason, consumption by pregnant women is not recommended. People with latex sensitivity should avoid consuming papaya and papaya products.

Interactions

Unknown.

toxicity

Non toxic.

Papaya-based preparations

Internal use

– Dried hoopoe in cooking.

– Fermented papaya preparation.

– Syrup and juice from the pulp of ripe fruit.

– Latex diluted in water.

– Infusion and syrup of male papaya flowers.

– Pulverized seeds or just to chew.

– Roots and leaves in decoction.

– Papaya leaf tea.

– Dried and ground leaves.

External use

– Poultice with papaya pulp

– Leaf furrow.

– Smear the pulp on the skin.

Where does papaya grow?

The papaya, papaya tree, can reach up to 10 meters in height. It consists of a single slender and straight trunk (green when young and beige when adult). Its large toothed leaves (with a notable vein) hang from the trunk thanks to a tubular stem that measures from 50 cm to one meter.

Papaya is grown in tropical climates all over the world. Its main exporters are: Brazil, Mexico, Thailand and Kenya.

When to harvest papaya?

The best fruits are from the female plants, whose flowers, also white but much larger than the others, are supported on short peduncles formed in the axils of the leaves. In order to bear fruit, the female feet must be accompanied by the presence of male papaya trees in a proportion of 10%, so that fertilization occurs. After this process, papaya will complete maturation 4 to 6 months after flower opening, and the fruits must be harvested before full maturation.

Due to production in countries with different cycles, papaya is available throughout the year, but in Brazil, for example, its harvest period is between April and July.

Comments

Papaya originates from tropical America, where it was cultivated before the arrival of the Spaniards. The Indians rolled the meat in papaya leaves in order to obtain a softer meat. When the fruit is green, it should be wrapped in newspaper and kept in a cool, dark place. When scratching the fruit lengthwise, the fruit matures more quickly, since the incisions largely eliminate the latex contained in the fruit. the taste of the fruit. Once ripe, papaya can be kept in the refrigerator for 2 to 3 weeks.

Nowadays, papaya stands out for its richness in vitamin C, which exceeds the amount present in oranges by 10 times. In addition, another important feature is the presence of enzymes known as papain and carpain. Papain is a digestive enzyme recognized as superior to pepsin, which we find in our stomach, since it acts not only in an acidic environment, but also in a neutral or alkaline environment. It is used to relieve acute indigestion and as an anti-inflammatory. Carpain, on the other hand, is an alkaloid that, together with papain, acts on the bile liquid, facilitating the digestion of meat and other heavy foods, improving the digestion process.

An article published in the scientific journal Journal of Ethnopharmacology, in February 2010, documented that papaya leaf extract stimulates the production of key signaling molecules called Th1-type cytokines, which indicates a possible anti-inflammatory action.

Jeanne Kenney
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I’m a stylist trainer, a content creator, and an entrepreneur passion. Virgo sign and Pisces ascendant, I move easily between my dreams, the crazy world I want, and my feet on the ground to carry out my projects.

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