Pomegranate

Summary

Pomegranate is a fruit that has an important antioxidant effect that can help prevent cardiovascular disease, certain types of cancer and increase memory. Pomegranate is usually consumed in the form of juice or directly as a fruit.

names

Name in Portuguese: pomegranate, pomegranate Binomial
name: Punica granatum L.
Note: the name of the pomegranate in French is grenade which comes from the Latin for granatus and means “abundant in seeds”. In fact, one fruit can contain up to 600 seeds.1 .
The genus namePunicais a reference to the Punic Wars (punicus in Latin) that opposed the Romans and Carthaginians around 264-241 BC. AD Roman soldiers named it after Carthage (present-day Tunisia).
French name:grenade, pomme grenade, grenadier
English name: pomegranate
German name: Granatapfel, Grenadine
Italian name:melograno

Family

Punicaceae

Constituents

– Flavonoids (anthocyanins)
– Ellagic acid or ellagitannins (once in the intestine, this molecule found in pomegranates can be transformed by intestinal bacteria into urolitin A. This molecule can have an anti-aging action, as shown by a study by the Escola Politécnica Federal de Lausanne (EPFL) in Switzerland published in the specialized journal Nature Medicine in July 2016. The study was carried out in 2 animal species, nematodes and rodents, and has yet to be confirmed in humans).
– Tannins (especially the bark, it is estimated that the root bark and trunk of the pomegranate contain 20% tannins)
– Alkaloids
– Vitamin C
– Vitamin B
– Fructose (especially in juice form)

parts used

Seeds (seed aril) and the white membranes around the seeds, sometimes flowers or bark (watch out for toxicity) are also used for therapeutic purposes.

Effects

Antioxidant (main), anti-inflammatory, antiviral, astringent (especially pomegranate flowers), anti-aging (see under constituents above for more information).

Effect on sexual activity (pomegranate increases testosterone levels by 24% according to a British study).

Indications

“Fruit” or pomegranate juice
– Prevention of cardiovascular diseases such as atherosclerosis, arterial hypertension (complementary measure that requires clinical studies to demonstrate its use for this indication).
– Prevention of certain cancers (in this case further clinical studies are also needed), such as breast cancer ,  prostate cancer or colon cancer
– Arthritis
– May have a positive effect on sexual activity.
– Could have an anti-aging effect, as shown by a study by the EPFL in Switzerland, published in July 2016 (read Constituents above for more information).
In a book published in 20222 , Prof. Hostettmann believes, citing an American study published in 20133 that pomegranate juice can significantly improve verbal and visual memory. In his book, Prof. Hostettmann advises drinking 200mL of pomegranate juice a day, 4 to 5 times a week.

Pomegranate flowers
– Diarrhea

Pomegranate Seeds
– Digestive Problems

Secundary effects

None known (our opinion).

contraindications

Liver dysfunction (particularly with heavy consumption of pomegranate juice, which is rich in tannins), people with low blood pressure (hypotension).

Interactions

None known (our opinion).

Preparations

– Seeds with aril (“seed meat”)

– Pomegranate juice (see Notes ). To prepare pomegranate juice, you need to use a pomegranate juicer.

– Infusion of pomegranate flowers

– Pomegranate capsules (usually take 2-3 grams of pomegranate powder daily)

Where does it grow?

Pomegranate is a small shrub of Asian origin, but today the pomegranate also grows in many non-Asian hot countries, especially in the tropics and subtropics. There are important pomegranate crops in California and also in India and Australia. The pomegranate tree reaches a height of between 2 and 7 m. In Europe, flowering occurs from May to September.

Comments

Pomegranate is a fruit with a delicious taste and can be very beneficial for everyone’s health. Its seeds are used by eating them pure or in the form of pomegranate juice to guarantee a significant antioxidant effect, because we know that pomegranate juice contains more antioxidant substances than only the seeds (and seed arils), because the juice is extracted from from the whole fruit with white membranes adjacent to the seeds.

You should know that pomegranate has a higher antioxidant effect than green tea .

Thanks to its antioxidant juice, pomegranate can be recommended in the prevention of cardiovascular diseases and certain types of cancer.

Historical and religious aspect
– In the past, France produced the famous “grenadine” syrup with pomegranate juice. Currently, this syrup is produced by pomegranate-free synthetics.
– In the Bible, the pomegranate is mentioned several times, especially in the Old Testament, in the Canticles (Songs Chapter 4 Ver. 3), where we read: “And their faces are like the halves of the pomegranate under the veil”. Proof that the Jews have valued this plant for thousands of years. Pomegranate is also mentioned in Islamic art. The ancient Egyptians were also very fond of this fruit, whether in art or mythology.

Jeanne Kenney
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I’m a stylist trainer, a content creator, and an entrepreneur passion. Virgo sign and Pisces ascendant, I move easily between my dreams, the crazy world I want, and my feet on the ground to carry out my projects.

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