9 problems caused by overexposure to the sun

Sunbathing is a healthy and ancient practice. In addition to being tasty, studies show that sunbathing improves immunity and helps prevent disease, and these benefits are largely due to the production of vitamin D . However, excess solar radiation has adverse and serious effects on health. Read our tips to learn about the harm caused by excessive exposure to the sun and learn how to make the most of sunlight. 

1. Burns.  The sun’s rays cause  sunburn  or erythema, especially in children and fair-skinned people. Burns can be very painful and to avoid them, always use sunscreen all over your body and avoid the hours of greatest sunlight exposure, between 10 am and 4 pm. Cloudy days can also burn, as UV rays pass through clouds. 

2. Premature aging.  Excessive exposure to the sun without protection causes the appearance of wrinkles and spots on the skin that are characteristics of premature aging, also called photoaging. For this, never leave the house without sunscreen and suitable clothes, especially if you have fair skin. 

3. Vision problems.  Excess luminosity can cause vision problems, such as  cataracts , pterygium and even skin cancer on the eyelids. Vision problems are often caused by corneal burns. To protect yourself, always wear sunglasses with good filters to absorb UVA/UVB radiation, and eye protection caps. 

4. Herpes.  The herpes virus has no cure and it is reactivated by some factors, such as excessive exposure to the sun. If you have had a case of  herpes , avoid excessive exposure to sunlight and sunbathe before 10 am or after 4 pm. 

5. Acne.  Excessive exposure to the sun causes irritation (burning and redness) in the skin, which causes it to produce more sebum. In addition, excessive sweating creates an environment conducive to the growth of bacteria and fungi that cause  acne . To avoid this, use oil-free sunscreens and wash your face frequently to eliminate impurities. 

6. Sun allergy.  It is estimated that 5 to 10% of the population have  a sun allergy , which is manifested by redness, itching, rash (in the form of hives) and photosensitivity. If you have this condition, avoid sunbathing without sunscreen as much as possible. The doctor can also prescribe suitable medications for the treatment of allergy. 

7. Melasmas.  Melasmas are brown spots caused by excessive and prolonged exposure to the sun throughout life. Melasmas usually appear on the hands, arms and face. To avoid, always use sunscreen and caps. 

8. Keratosis.  Keratosis is characterized by small, rough sores that never heal and usually appear after exposure to the sun. The chance of a keratosis turning into skin cancer is about 20%. 

9. Skin cancer.  This is certainly the most terrible and dangerous condition of sun exposure. Skin cancer  is a neoplasm that affects the dermis and can be divided into basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma and melanoma, the latter being one of the most lethal diseases of humanity. The best way to prevent this is to avoid the sun at its strongest hours (from 10 am to 4 pm, from 9 am in the Northeast) and always use sunscreen, especially if you have fair skin. 

It is always important to remember that fair-skinned people should be extra careful when sunbathing and use sunscreens with a high sun protection factor. Consult your dermatologist to find out which type of sunscreen is best for your skin type.

Did you like these tips or do you have any more to suggest? Leave your comment just below this page. Your opinion is very important!

Read also:  Sun and skin

Jeanne Kenney
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I’m a stylist trainer, a content creator, and an entrepreneur passion. Virgo sign and Pisces ascendant, I move easily between my dreams, the crazy world I want, and my feet on the ground to carry out my projects.

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