Rice

Rice Summary – Interesting Information

Rice is considered one of the most consumed cereals in the world. In fact, it represents about 30% of world cereal production. This plant from the grass family only grows in humid tropical regions. This is one of the crops that has a great need for fresh water. Rice comes in many varieties, the most famous of which are the Japanese and Indica varieties.
Rice, nicknamed the bread of Asia, is the staple food of many Asian countries, although most African countries also grow the grain, as do Latin America (especially Brazil). Still unknown in Europe until the end of Antiquity, rice was introduced by the Arabs in the old continent through Spain and Portugal.

It occupies an essential place in African and Asian cultures. In many languages, the word “rice” is the equivalent of food, as well as the verb “to eat”. Rice is easy to digest.

Rice is grown by no less than 120 million farmers who feed about half of the world’s population (3.5 billion people). Asian countries are the most important international exporters. These are Vietnam, China, Thailand, Philippines, India and Pakistan. They use improved techniques and enjoy very modern infrastructure, mainly supported by the local government. Furthermore, African nations still practice subsistence or traditional agriculture. Along with the United States, Brazil and Malaysia, Nigeria is one of the largest importers of rice in the world.

Rice is native to Asia. The rice plant measures from 60 cm to 1.5 m in height.

main nutrients

The nutritional value of rice varieties varies. There is also a huge difference between the energy value of cooked rice and raw rice, the latter being much richer. Rice is low in fat. The table below shows the amount of nutrients present in white rice.

Nutrients (effects and medical indications)Amount per 100 g of cooked white rice
Proteins (promotes skin and hair building and renewal)3,5 g
Carbohydrate (nutrient that supplies the muscles and brain with energy for proper operation and development)25 g
Lipids (influences the activity and function of cell membranes)0,4 g
Other nutrients: iodine , copper , manganese , sodium , dietary fiber (especially brown rice), vitamin B1 (brown rice)in smaller quantities

number of calories

100 grams of white rice provide an average of 118 kcal.

Rice-based main dishes and drinks

– Although the energy value of rice is higher when raw, it is better to consume it cooked. Indian, Chinese and Japanese preparations have been around for centuries and are the best known. With the addition of vegetable oil and various spices, rice can be made particularly nutritious.

– Prepared with brown rice and rice flakes are very popular in developed countries, along with cakes and various snacks.

– There are several recipes based on rice, such as fried rice with shrimp.

Nutritional importance for health

– Studies report that in ten years, more than 10% of the world’s population will suffer from food allergies, including celiac. Rice is one of the few grains that does not contain gluten, the substance responsible for this disease.

– Researchers say that eating brown rice prevents obesity and diabetes . Thanks to its mineral and fiber content, it can also prevent heart disease and some types of cancer . As most of its nutritional components are in the bran, experts recommend that it be preserved.

– Rice water is an effective remedy due to its emollient qualities against colic or gastroenteritis . However, if the symptoms are alarming, it is best to consult a doctor. It is also used by many women and hairdressers for its capillary virtues.

– Rice drinks are rich in vitamin A , D and B12 . Therefore, they can be substitutes for dairy products in food. However, these drinks do not contain as much protein as soy or cow’s milk. It is important not to confuse it with Japanese amazake, which is a fermented product, unlike rice milk.

– Rice is rich in carbohydrates. It gives you the energy you need to start your day off right. Experts advise its consumption especially for athletes. Also, people who eat rice do not show the need for snacks between meals. This feeling of fullness is important for people who want to stay in shape.

Simple recipe to prepare

Cantonese Rice with Shrimp (2 people)

Ingredients:

– 200 grams of Thai rice

– 4 frozen prawns

– 1 onion

– 100 grams of cooked ham

– 2 tablespoons of peas

– 50 grams of butter

– Two tablespoons of olive oil

– Salt, pepper, soy sauce

– 2 eggs

Preparation

– Remove the shell from the prawns and carefully remove the tail, making an incision with the tip of a knife.

– Cook the rice without making it too soft and sticky. After cooking, set aside to cool quickly.

– Cut the ham and onion into cubes.

– Heat a pan with a tablespoon of olive oil to make an omelette with the eggs. Let cool on a plate.

– Then heat the butter and, after a few minutes, add and sauté the peas, ham and onion. Add soybean oil, salt and pepper. Put everything in a bowl, then cook the shrimp until golden brown on each side.

– Heat the pan again, add another tablespoon of olive oil and fry the rice. After five minutes, mix all the ingredients, except for the shrimp, they serve as a decoration.

– Consume preferably hot.

Create health nutrition tips

– Cooking rice with too much water can destroy the vitamins and minerals it contains.
– Consumption of rice in bags is recommended, as nutrient losses are significantly reduced.
– Brown rice still retains nutrients in the husk, while white rice no longer has most of its nutrients.
– It is best to eat rice within twelve months of harvesting it, because over time it loses mucilaginous substances involved in moisture.
– Like other starchy foods, it is recommended to consume three to four times a day, regardless of age.
– Rice, unlike other starchy foods such as potatoes or pasta, does not cause flatulence or gas accumulation.

Important information about rice

– About 700 million tons of rice are produced annually worldwide, including more than half in China and India. Stock is increasing year by year since 2003. As a result, consumption becomes less than production.

– Rice cultivation has existed for over 6500 years and the first farmers to domesticate this grain were the Chinese and Thai. It then spread to Southeast Asian countries. He was not yet known in Mediterranean civilizations since the conquest of Persia by Alexander the Great.

– Before being cultivated by man, rice grew in the wild. Today, 2000 varieties of rice are identified. This is a plant that needs very severe climatic conditions, which makes the monsoon region of Asia the global breadbasket.

– Exclusive consumption of white rice compared to brown rice, especially in Asia, leads to cases of beriberi. This disease is characterized by deficiency of vitamin B1 (thiamine).

Jeanne Kenney
 | Website

I’m a stylist trainer, a content creator, and an entrepreneur passion. Virgo sign and Pisces ascendant, I move easily between my dreams, the crazy world I want, and my feet on the ground to carry out my projects.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *