Rosemary

Summary

Diuretic, aromatic, antioxidant and anti-rheumatic medicinal plant, almost always presented in the form of infusion or ointment.

names

Portuguese name: rosemary, common rosemary, rosmarino
Binomial name: Rosmarini officinalis L.
French name: romarin
English name: Rosemary
German name: Rosmarin
Italian name: rosmarino

Family

Lamiaceae (Lamiáceas)

Constituents

Essential oils (cineol, alpha-pinol, camphor), rosmarinic acid, carnosic acid, caffeic acid, tannins, bitter diterpenes, flavonoids.
The essential oil is very important for the effectiveness of rosemary.

parts used

Leaves (and flowers)

properties

Antioxidant, antirheumatic, depurative, diuretic

Indications

Internal use (tea):
Against gauze, as a condiment or aromatic (kitchen), against coughs , for the prevention of degenerative diseases such as Alzheimer’s , due to the strong antioxidant effect of rosemary, migraines, headaches , concentration problems, ulcers Stomachitis, cystitis , blood clots (in prevention).

External use , in ointments (almost always in association with other molecules):
Rheumatism: arthritis , arthrosis .

Secundary effects

High dose: deep sleep, spasms, gastritis, blood in the urine.
In external use in the form of essential oil and with high dosage: possible skin rash after exposure to the sun.

contraindications

we do not know

Interactions

we do not know

Preparations

– Rosemary infusion
– Rosemary inhalation– Ointment
– ​​Essential oil. To increase concentration, you can add 10 drops of rosemary essential oil to about 30g of a base used in aromatherapy, such as almond oil or jojoba oil. Apply directly to the forehead.
– Capsules (usually containing between 500 mg and 1,000 mg of rosemary). The usual dosage is often one or two capsules a day.
– Tincture
– Bath– Poultice
– Decoction
  Mother tincture

Where does rosemary grow?

Rosemary grows in Europe from south to north. This plant grows in many parts of the world such as Africa, the Americas (Brazil), Australia and Asia. Rosemary is native to the Mediterranean region.

Rosemary originates from the Mediterranean region. Often, rosemary is found by the sea or oceans, especially on cliffs.

When to harvest rosemary?

Rosemary is mostly harvested in spring (Europe).

plant it yourself

Rosemary likes stony, well-drained soil. It lives very well in large vases on balconies. In pots, water rosemary once a month in winter and 1 to 3 times a week during summer.

Can we harvest this plant in the wild?

Yes, it is found in its wild state in the Mediterranean region, mainly by the sea, but also in the south of France and on some islands.
We can also find rosemary in private and public gardens, this is a decorative plant, but also a very common medicinal plant in Europe and in the southeastern and southern regions of Brazil. The plant grows in the Alps up to 1500m altitude.
It is easy to recognize rosemary, thanks to its peculiar smell, its blue flowers and especially its very particular leaves with a green color on the top and slightly white underneath. The leaves look like needles, are long, very narrow and do not fall off.

Comments

– Rosemary is widely used externally, in the form of an ointment, to treat certain rheumatisms. In internal use, for example in infusion, its diuretic effect proves to be effective in curing  cystitis .

Scientific efficacy of rosemary

– According to a special edition of the French journal Science & Vie on medicinal plants, published in July 2020, the effectiveness of rosemary leaves against digestive disorders is not proven due to the lack of publication of quality scientific studies, in particular studies clinical.

– Rosemary is also used in cooking as an aromatic or condiment to season meat and help preserve it, thanks to its antioxidant effect (from rosemary essential oil). Rosemary also goes very well with potatoes. The advantage of rosemary is that its aroma is not diluted after a long cooking time. Just a few rosemary leaves are enough to impart their aroma to a dish.

– There are more than 10 varieties of rosemary.

– The German Commission E, the institution responsible for analyzing the safety and efficacy of medicinal plants, approved rosemary for the treatment of muscle pain, arthritis and to improve blood circulation.

– It is inadvisable to ingest rosemary essential oil, due to the toxic side effects on the liver and heart.

– Its genus name,  Rosmarinus , means in Latin “dew that comes from the sea”. This is a reference to its most common habitat, by the sea, and its flowers in the form of blue drops.

– The Romans considered rosemary to be a (medicinal) plant of prime importance.

– Rosemary is a plant that is also very popular in cosmetics, in the form of cream, shampoo or conditioner.

– In general, rosemary does not support winters that are too humid or with a lot of frost, as it happens in Northern Europe.

– It is possible to harvest rosemary all year round.

– Rosemary and sage grow in the same conditions, which is why it is possible to grow these 2 plants together, for example in a large pot.

Jeanne Kenney
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I’m a stylist trainer, a content creator, and an entrepreneur passion. Virgo sign and Pisces ascendant, I move easily between my dreams, the crazy world I want, and my feet on the ground to carry out my projects.

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