Stevia

Summary

Diuretic, hypotensive, anti-diabetic medicinal plant, alters the metabolism of carbohydrates in the body, helps in the treatment of depression and is almost always presented in the form of infusions or sweeteners.

names

Portuguese name: stevia, stevia, green sugar, sweet grass
Binomial name: Stevia rebaudiana
French name : stévia stevia English name: honeyleaf German name: Honigkraut, Stevia , Süßblatt,Süßkraut Italian name: Stevia , Piccolo bush with foglio dolce 

Family

Asteraceae

Constituents


Steviosides – Rebaudiosides
– Flavonoids
Observations:
Steviosides and rebaudiosides were isolated for the 1st time in 1931, by 2 French chemists.
Stevioside is the most important molecule because of its beneficial effect on health.

parts used

Dried leaves and stems

Effects

Sweetener, antidiabetic, cardiotonic, contraceptive, diuretic, prevents tooth decay, antibacterial, antifungal, sweetener, stimulant of brain functions, digestive, cardiotonic, hypoglycemic, reinforces the defenses of the immune system.

Indications

Internal use
Hypertension , diabetes , pre-diabetes ,  heartburn , depression , fatigue , obesity (appetite control), digestive disorders.

External use
Candidiasis , bleeding and inflammation in the gums, toothache , cavities and tartar.

When added to shampoo, it helps treat dandruff, hair loss and dull, dull hair.

Secundary effects

It may cause heartbeat acceleration and allergies.
If ingested in excess, it can cause: arterial hypotension.

contraindications

Certain allergies. Pregnant and breastfeeding women. Children under 6 years old.

Interactions

In large quantities, consumption of stevia can enhance antidiabetic and hypertension treatments .

Preparations

– Teas (infusion/fluid extract)

– Sweeteners (powder or liquid)

– Powder capsules

Notes: Commercially available stevia sachets are often mixed with erythritol or dextrose, as pure stevia would be too strong (too sweet).

– Tinctures

– Chewing gum

– mouthwash

Where does Stevia grow?

Stevia grows naturally in the wild in eastern Paraguay. Stevia is currently cultivated in other regions of the planet, such as Brazil, Central America, United States, Asia and Israel.
Stevia is a shrub. It does not tolerate frost, which is why it grows mainly in subtropical regions with a more humid climate.
This shrub can also be grown in greenhouses, as in Canada.

Comments

– Stevia, in the form of high-purity extracts of stevia , has a sweetening power 250 to 300 times greater than that of table sugar (sucrose)1 . It is currently one of the best known sweeteners mainly for sweetening without causing diabetes, altering blood sugar levels or causing cavities. In infusion, it has a very effective diuretic action. It is used in cooking as a sweetener, as it releases this flavor when heated. Stevia has a sweetening power about 300 times greater than that of sugar (sucrose). Stevia does not contain any calories.

– The Guarani Indians of Paraguay used stevia leaves especially to sweeten mate, a bitter-tasting plant also of South American origin.

– Stevia is widely used in Japan. A Japanese company marketed stevia for the 1st time in the early 1970s. In the United States, stevia was only marketed after 2008, as before that date stevia-based sweeteners were prohibited from being sold.

– In 2006, the WHO recognized stevia as a sweetener with no health risks.

Jeanne Kenney
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I’m a stylist trainer, a content creator, and an entrepreneur passion. Virgo sign and Pisces ascendant, I move easily between my dreams, the crazy world I want, and my feet on the ground to carry out my projects.

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