Sugar cane

Summary – interesting information

Probably originating in New Guinea, sugar cane (or simply cane) gradually spread to the Philippines and India. In addition, sugar cane is considered, in the latter country, a divine plant, from which the inhabitants extract a substance called “sarkara” through a technique that they first invented. Around 600 BC, Persians began to exploit this plant.
The first written account of the cane dates back to 327 BC, through the stories of one of Alexander the Great’s generals. However, sugarcane only became known in Europe a few centuries later. The Muslim invasion of the 8th century brought the “Saccharum officinarum” to the shores of the Mediterranean, where the Crusades introduced it to the Old Continent.

The arrival of sugarcane in the Americas contributed to the development of the triangular trade. In fact, sugar cane plantations in America required a large workforce that Europeans sought in Africa through the slave trade. It is in Brazil and the Caribbean that the largest plantations were located and that received millions of black slaves, many of whom died during the crossing of the Atlantic. Survivors worked under harsh working conditions in the cane fields, even after the formal abolition of slavery.

Number 1 in planting in the world today, sugarcane is present in more than 200 countries around the world with an estimated 1.7 billion tons of annual production. The largest plantations are in Brazil, India, China and Thailand, with 36%, 19%, 7% and 5% of the cultivated area, respectively.

main nutrients

Nutrients (effects and potential medical indications)Amount per 100 g of sugarcane juice
Sugar (source of energy for the body and cells)18 g
Salt (maintains blood pressure, promotes transmission of nerve impulses and muscle contraction)3 g
Calcium6 mg
Potassium (maintains the acidity of gastric secretions, regulates aldosterone secretion, activates muscle cells and nerve cells)22 mg
Other nutrients: vitamins B1 , B2 , B3 , C , phosphorus , ironSmall quantities

number of calories

Be aware that 100 grams of sugarcane juice provides the body with about 73 kcal.

Main dishes, foods and drinks based on sugar cane

– Freshly cut sugar cane can be chewed to extract the juice. Armed with knives, people in tropical countries are adept at removing the tough bark and cutting the stem in order to chew the pieces like chewing gum.

– Sugarcane juice is widely used in the manufacture of cocktails, desserts, candied fruits or even cakes.

– Sugar cane is also used to make sugar.

Nutritional and health importance

– Thanks to its high carbohydrate content, sugarcane juice is the ideal drink for athletes. Not only is it a powerful refresher, but it gives the body energy quickly because the glucose can be burned immediately, providing the body with energy. Sugarcane juice is an excellent alternative to soft drinks, especially since it avoids burning unnecessary calories.
– Sugarcane juice has a low glycemic index, which allows the body to stay healthy and keep fit.
– Its alkaline nature predisposes it to fight effectively against prostate and breast cancer .

– In many tropical countries, people usually use their teeth to extract the juice directly from the freshly cut stem. This sap preserves the teeth against tooth decay.

– For those who suffer from the liver, sugarcane juice strengthens the capacity of this organ. The plant is rich in potassium, which helps digestion and is a mild laxative for those with constipation problems . Finally, sugarcane ensures the proper functioning of the kidneys and helps to stabilize the flow of urine.

– To fight the flu, cold or sore throat, it is recommended to make a sugar cane juice.

– For young mothers, it is recommended to drink a tea or a decoction made from boiled water and raw sugar cane. In this way, they can produce more milk for their children.

Simple recipe to prepare

Shrimp skewers in sugar cane

Ingredients:

For 4 servings

– 1 piece of sugar cane or 40 centimeters of canned cane long sticks.

– 400 g of large prawns.

– 250 grams of vermicelli pasta made from rice.

– 1 piece of fresh ginger.

– 1 clove of garlic.

– White of 1 egg.

– Salt and pepper.

Preparation:

– Cook the rice noodles in boiling water for 3 minutes.

– Peel the shrimp and mix them in a food processor with the pasta. Then add salt and pepper before adding the egg white. Let it rest for a few hours.

– Grate the ginger and garlic on top of the mixture.

– Then put the dough around each sugar cane skewer to get an oval shape.

– Heat the oil in a non-stick frying pan and cook the skewers. Once they have taken on a pink color, remove from heat and serve immediately.

Tip: You can replace the shrimp with minced meat or chicken.

Good nutrition advice from Create health

– If you have a press to make sugarcane juice at home, it is recommended to drink the juice immediately, otherwise it turns dark.

– You can also leave a few hours in the fridge before consuming. The cold gives the drink a characteristic flavor while refreshing the body.

Interesting comments about this food

– The scientific name for sugar cane is “Saccharum officinarum”. This plant is fully domesticated and no longer grows wild in the wild today.
– Cane is mainly used for the production of sugar through different processes. After milling, leftovers, called “bagasse”, make up about a third of the weight of the initial sugarcane. This by-product is generally used as fuel in the production units to generate electricity and heat the ovens. It is also used to feed livestock. Bagasse today has many applications in the manufacture of paper, film, cardboard and thermal insulation.
– Molasses is a byproduct of other sugarcane processing currently used to produce ethanol. It is used as a biofuel, especially in Brazil, where 80% of vehicles run on pure or blended ethanol, according to 2007 data.

Jeanne Kenney
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I’m a stylist trainer, a content creator, and an entrepreneur passion. Virgo sign and Pisces ascendant, I move easily between my dreams, the crazy world I want, and my feet on the ground to carry out my projects.

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