Surinam cherry

Summary

The pitangueira is a tree native to the Atlantic Forest, its leaves have an anti-diarrheal, hypotensive , diuretic effect, among many others.

names

Portuguese name: pitanga (fruit of the pitangueira), Brazilian cherry, pitangueira, red pitangueira, pitanga-do-mato
Binomial name: Eugenia uniflora L .; Eugenia micheli Lam.; Stenoclyx micheli (Lam.) Berg
English name: Pitanga, Brazilian cherry and Surinam cherry
French name: cerise carrée, rousaille, cerisier de Cayenne, cerisier du Surinam
English name: Pitanga, Brazilian cherry and Surinam cherry
German name: Pitanga, Surinamkirsche, Kirschmyrte
Italian name: Costoluto Genovese
Spanish name: cereza cuadrada, cereza Cauenne, cereza Surinam, pendanga, nangapiri, pitanga.

Family

Myrtaceae

Constituents

Leaves : ester, flavonoids, volatile oils and, mainly, polyphenols.

Fruit (Pitanga): vitamins A, C, B2, calcium, iron, phosphorus, carotenoids (lycopene).

parts used

leaves and fruits

Effects of pitangueira

Studies using in vitro and in vivo tests prove some effects of extracts from the leaves of the cherry tree, such as:
– Antidiarrheal (Atinparasitic – Giardia lamblia)
– Diuretic
– Antiinflammatory
– Antifungal
– Antimicrobial
– Xanthine oxidase inhibition
– Antimalarial and trypanocidal
– Hypoglycemic
– Hypotensive (decreases blood pressure)
– Inhibition of replication of the Epstein-Barr virus (which causes nasopharyngeal carcinoma), action of ellagitannins, eugeniflorin D1 and D2.

The fruits (pitanga) have antioxidant properties mainly due to carotenoids, phenols and vitamin C.

Indications of the pitangueira

Diarrhea , hypertension, fever, bronchitis.

The infusions (tea) of the leaves are also popularly used as an astringent, carminative, diuretic, antirheumatic, blood cholesterol reducer and uric acid controller in the urine (gout). The fruit, pitanga, is popularly used as anti-aging, anti-stain, healing.

Secundary effects

Hypotension in patients on cardiac risks.

contraindications

Cardiac patients, Tea: pregnant women, nursing mothers, people with chronic diseases. 

Interactions

Increases phenobarbital-induced sleep time

toxicity

Studies demonstrate that there is no acute toxicity, but there are no data on prolonged use.

Preparations based on pitangueira

– Infusions (Tea): Consists of pouring boiling water over green pitanga leaves and then muffle for about 15 minutes.

– Alcoholic extracts.

– Natural fruit (Pitanga) 

Where does the pitangueira grow?

The pitangueira is originally from Brazil, native to the Atlantic Forest, it develops well in places with a hot and humid climate with good distribution of rainfall during the year, it is very sensitive to the cold and does not tolerate frost.

It is found in the subtropical regions of Brazil, from Minas Gerais to Rio Grande do Sul. In addition to other countries such as Portugal, Argentina, Bolivia, Guianas, Paraguay, Uruguay, Venezuela, United States, the Caribbean and the African continent.

When to harvest the leaves and pitanga?

The leaves of the pitangueira when young have a reddish color, you must wait until they turn green so that they have therapeutic effects.
Fruiting occurs from October to January.

Comments

The word pitanga comes from the tupi-guarani, pï’tana which means red, the main color of the fruit. The infusion of pitangueira leaves has been used for years by the Indians, with many of its indications scientifically proven. Several studies are still being carried out, there are already indications that the leaf extract modifies the activity of gentamicin; leaf extract has an effect on some infectious diseases and that its hypotensive action is due to vasodilation. In addition to the already proven effects and indications.

Jeanne Kenney
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I’m a stylist trainer, a content creator, and an entrepreneur passion. Virgo sign and Pisces ascendant, I move easily between my dreams, the crazy world I want, and my feet on the ground to carry out my projects.

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