Syncope

Syncope is a sudden loss of consciousness due to lack of sufficient blood flow to the brain. Fainting is a type of syncope without complete loss of consciousness. The condition can occur due to problems that interrupt blood flow to the brain, revealing possible cardiovascular problems.
Syncope can also be caused by non-cardiovascular problems such as intense emotions ( stress , nervousness, anxiety ), very strong pain, contact with cold water, etc. Syncope causes the patient to lose control over himself and fatally falls. Falling can cause injuries, cuts, fractures and brain complications.

Treatment is varied, and may be based on the simple use of medication or even surgery. Infusions of medicinal plants such as rosemary, ginkgo and lemon balm help fight syncope. It is important to notify your doctor if you or someone you know has had syncope, as this can reveal other hidden health problems.

Definition

Syncope (or fainting) is defined as the sudden onset of unconsciousness due to the sudden and temporary lack of blood flow that feeds the brain, which recovers spontaneously in less than three minutes. This condition is sometimes associated with cardiovascular disease.

In fainting, there is no total loss of consciousness.

Causes

Syncope can be divided into three categories according to its origin: indefinite, cardiovascular or non-cardiovascular.

– Syncope whose causes remain unexplained are the most common, and occupy a third of cases.

– Cardiovascular diseases such as a slowdown or disturbance of the heart rhythm ( arrhythmia ) can cause syncope. They can also occur due to the existence of certain tumors or congenital diseases. Syncope manifests itself as a protective mechanism of the body and this fact can indicate heart problems such as stroke or pulmonary embolism . That is why it is always advisable to consult a doctor after syncope. Fixed prostheses and dysfunction in certain components of the heart can also cause syncope. The risk of syncope increases with age, especially if the patient has hypertension, or a history of problematic blood flow to the brain.

– When the causes are not cardiovascular, syncope occurs during the cough reflex, defecation or urination, compression of the neck, sudden contact with water, sight of blood or intense pain. These are cases of vagal syncope or vagal malaise. Decreased blood pressure ( hypotension ) from heavy bleeding, use of certain medications, orthostatic hypotension and “blackout” from fighter pilots at full speed are all factors that can momentarily affect brain blood perfusion.

It is the same for the lack of oxygen supply to the respiratory system. Uncontrolled apnea can be the cause of syncope. Emotional disturbances such as stress, anxiety ( panic attacks , for example) and alcohol or drug abuse also promote syncope.

Some infections can also cause syncope. For example, sepsis (widespread blood infection).

Epilepsy can lead to loss of consciousness (including generalized epilepsy called grand mal seizure)

Possible circumstances of the occurrence of syncope

As for the circumstances of onset, the disease usually appears after physical exertion, sudden change of position, strong emotions, intense pain, wearing a collar that is too tight, when shaving, during urination or contact with water, such as when swimming.

Symptoms

The typical form of syncope is characterized by a brief, sudden-onset loss of consciousness without any previous symptoms. It causes the patient to fall instantly with the risk of injury. It may be accompanied by pallor, respiratory arrest, and slowing or speeding up the heartbeat. The victim recovers spontaneously and suddenly within seconds or minutes without remembering what happened to him.

Atypical forms of syncope are preceded by symptoms such as dizziness, sweating or visual disturbances. Furthermore, the occurrence of seizures during syncope may be a sign of neurological origin.

Diagnosis

To clarify the diagnosis, and after interviewing the patient and his family and friends, the health professional performs a thorough examination. He is particularly interested in the cardiovascular and neurological systems. The doctor also performs blood tests and scans on other organs. All these forms of investigation allow the doctor to confirm the diagnosis of syncope. In fact, some psychological or neurological diseases can cause syncope-like signs to appear.

Complications

A fall caused by loss of consciousness can result in wounds, fractures , bruises or bleeding. These injuries are even more serious if they reach the brain. In addition, syncope, due to sudden contact with water, poses a risk of hypothermia and drowning of the victim.

Persistence of syncope may lead to coma and reveal the existence of major brain or cardiovascular damage.

Treatment

Treatment consists of removing the cause by the most appropriate means, which may be the use of appropriate medication or even surgery. Also, if the patient takes a drug, resulting in the appearance of syncope, he should consult a doctor, so that he prescribes another drug.

Prevention of syncope is mainly based on reducing the circumstances that cause it. For example, hydration and adequate salt intake can help reduce the risk of low blood pressure.

Herbal medicine

– To combat syncope (additional measures), infuse a teaspoon of rosemary leaves or flowers in a glass of water and boil for ten minutes. Have a cup of this tea before or after meals. You can also use rosemary essential oil . Take 3-4 drops two to three times a day.

– Melissa also has an interesting therapeutic role. Infuse for 10 minutes a teaspoon of flower in a glass of boiling water. Take three cups of tea a day to alleviate the problem.

– Olive tree associated with ginkgo or vinca can improve blood flow to the brain and oxygenation of neurons.

Note that before using these remedies you should consult a health professional for advice on precautions. In fact, overdose of rosemary can cause seizures.

Tips

Even a single syncope attack should never be overlooked, as a possible cardiac origin can be fatal:

– If you are the victim of one or more attacks, always consult a doctor to detect the possible cause, which can also serve as a protective mechanism of the body and can indicate heart problems such as stroke or pulmonary embolism.

If you have had syncope:

– Immediately notify your surroundings;

– Lie down immediately to avoid falling.

– When you regain consciousness, do not get up until your health returns to normal;

– Give yourself time to rest and sleep well;

– At night, use a pillow to lift your head if you have orthostatic syncope;

– Adopt a balanced diet and good hydration;

– Avoid having strong emotions.

 

If you are in front of a person with syncope:

– Keep calm;

-If the person is at the beginning of a crisis, support him to avoid falling;

– Place the person on their side to avoid suffocation;

– Elevate the lower limbs;

– Loosen your clothes and ventilate the place;

– Do not give him a drink;

– Cool your neck and forehead with a cloth moistened with cold water;

– Reassure her and put her in a calm place;

– Take the person to a doctor.

Jeanne Kenney
 | Website

I’m a stylist trainer, a content creator, and an entrepreneur passion. Virgo sign and Pisces ascendant, I move easily between my dreams, the crazy world I want, and my feet on the ground to carry out my projects.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *