Thyme

Summary

Medicinal plant with a strong disinfectant effect, used against coughs, bronchitis or sore throat. It is presented in the form of tea, tincture, capsules or syrup.

names

Name in Portuguese: thyme, thymus
Binomial name: Thymus vulgaris L.
Note: the genus Thymus contains from 80 to 400 different species, according to scientists. The two best known species are Thymus vulgaris and Thymus serpyllum .
English name: Thyme
Spanish name:  tomillo
French name: thym , thym des gardens , thym vrai
German name: Thymian
Italian name: timo

Family

Lamiaceae

Constituents

Thyme essential oil (thymol, carvacol), flavonoids, tannins, luteolin, iron (124 mg non-heme iron per 100 g dry thyme), dietary fiber

parts used

Seeds, leaves, flowers.

Effects

Disinfectant, antiseptic, anti-cough, anti-inflammatory, fluidizing (for coughing ), bronchospasmodic, expectorant, aromatic (used mainly in cooking), bactericidal, healing, antifungal.

Indications – What is it for?

Internal use (infusion):
Against the problems of the upper respiratory tract such as cough , sore throat , bronchitis , cold ,  flu , sinusitis , asthma , whooping cough (in Germany thyme is indicated to treat symptoms of this childhood illness1 ), headache, digestive problems.

External use (gargling):
– Gargles: sore throats , canker sores .
– Inhalation: colds , sinusitis .
– Spray: Used to disinfect surfaces. As it has a repulsive effect, the spray can also be used against insects , wounds.

Secundary effects

Allergic risk (essential oil)

contraindications

Thyme allergy, read the package insert or instructions for use when purchasing a thyme preparation.
Thyme essential oil is contraindicated for pregnant women, children under 6 years of age and people using anticoagulant medications.

Interactions

unknown

Preparations

– Thyme tea ( thyme infusion )

–  Thyme inhalation (against cough , bronchitis)

– Capsules (against cough , bronchitis)

–  Tincture  (against canker sores )

– Thyme syrup  (against cough , bronchitis)

– Thyme essential oil (against insect bites for external use or at the rate of one drop per day of thyme essential oil diluted in a spoonful of oil for internal use against respiratory and digestive diseases)

– Thyme and honey remedy

– thyme lotion

– Thyme compress

– Thyme bath (put 100g of dried thyme herbs in 1 liter of boiling water, leave to infuse for 15 minutes, filter and pour into the bath water. Ideal remedy in case of a cold)

Where does thyme grow?

Thyme grows all over the world, especially in warmer countries. In Brazil, thyme is cultivated in the South and Southeast. Thyme originates from the Mediterranean region.
Like thyme, serplum likes a dry, sunny environment. Thyme, a small shrub, reaches a height of between 10 and 30 cm.

When to harvest thyme?

Thyme is harvested in late summer (for medicinal preparations). In Europe, flowering usually occurs from April to June.

Thyme is a plant that dries out easily. It is advisable to harvest the thyme just before flowering, in order to obtain the maximum of aromas. To conserve thyme, keep it in a tightly closed container, dry and away from light.

Plant it yourself
It is in full sunlight that this species gives rise to the best aromas. Thyme also lives very well in planters.
Learn more: Ebook – 
 50 medicinal plants to be grown in your garden or balcony

– Thyme, with its strong and particular smell, has a strong disinfectant power. In certain North African countries, hospital disinfections are carried out based on thyme essential oil as a cost-saving measure. The preparation of thyme in infusions is very indicated and efficient against cough for a long time.

Read also: 12 medicinal plants that can be grown in your garden.

– The term  Thymus , from the scientific name, would come from the ancient Greek thyo  and means “to perfume”. In ancient Greek times, smelling thyme was supposed to give courage and strength. But the term thyo can also mean “courage”. Another possibility of the origin of the term Thymus also comes from the Greek for thumon and means “which is taken as a sacrifice”, because the plant was burned in religious rites.

– Thyme belongs to the Provençal Herbs, such as  rosemary , lavender, hyssop ,  sage , fennel, etc. These plants grow in dry and hot conditions during the “ belle saison ”, such as in the south of France. Thyme is also found in  Bouquet Garni , a selection of aromatic plants in the form of a bouquet, used in numerous culinary recipes. Thanks to its digestive properties, thyme is often used with fatty foods.

– Ancient Egyptians used thyme essential oil to embalm their dead.

– The term Thymus that defines the genus in the scientific name ( Thymus serpyllum L.), comes from the ancient Greek Thyo  and means “perfume”. In ancient Greek times, the scent of Thymus (especially thyme) was used to give courage and strength. But the term Thyo can also mean “courage”. The species name serpyllum comes from Latin and means “to crawl”. In fact, this is a creeping species.

– In the Middle Ages, serpillus was advised by the famous German botanist Hildegard of Bingen, mainly in cases of leprosy.

– A study published in 2018 in Phytotherapy Research (DOI: 10.1002/ptr.6109) showed a strong antiviral and antibacterial activity of thyme.

– As dried thyme is rich in iron, there are 124 mg of non-heme iron per 100 g, you can add dried thyme to certain dishes such as tomato sauces.

Learn more: Ebook –  50 medicinal plants to be grown in your garden or balcony

Jeanne Kenney
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I’m a stylist trainer, a content creator, and an entrepreneur passion. Virgo sign and Pisces ascendant, I move easily between my dreams, the crazy world I want, and my feet on the ground to carry out my projects.

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