Tomato

Summary

Fruit widely consumed on the planet for its nutritional properties, in the medicinal aspect the tomato has antioxidant and laxative effects. Tomato is indicated, for example, in cases of constipation, being consumed in its medicinal use mainly in the form of juice.

names

Portuguese name: Tomate
Binomial name: Lycopersicon esculentum, Solanum lycopersicum L.
French name: tomato
English name: tomato
German name: tomato
Italian name: pomodoro
Spanish name: tomato

Family

Solanaceae

Constituents

– Glycoalkaloid: solanine, tomatine
– Lycopene (antioxidant and anticancer effect, belongs to the carotenoid family)
– Vitamins A, C and E

parts used

Fruit (a tomato is a fruit, in common parlance, often considered a vegetable)

Effects

Laxative, diuretic, “detoxifying”, beneficial action for the intestine, antioxidant and anticancer

Indications

– constipation

– digestive problems (especially intestines)

– prevention of prostate cancer among the biggest consumers of tomatoes

– breast cancer prevention (see interesting notes, below)

– stroke (see interesting notes, below)

– menopausal symptoms (see interesting notes, below)

Secundary effects

Diarrhea (high doses), can increase uric acid levels in the blood (risk of gout).

Preparations

– tomato juice

– Tomato (pure fruit)

– Many tomato-based dishes (soup, sauce, etc.)

Where does the tomato grow?

The tomato is native to America (tropical, some believe Peru). Currently this fruit grows in many parts of the world such as Europe, Americas, Asia, Africa and Oceania. This is one of the most consumed vegetables (or fruits to be precise) in the world.

There are over 1,000 varieties of tomatoes around the world.
Tomato thrives in well-drained soil with good sun exposure.

When to harvest?

In general, tomatoes are harvested in the summer.

Comments

– The word tomato comes from Nahuatl, a language or linguistic group spoken by the Aztecs, being a derivation of the word  tomatl . According to National Geographic , this term was first recorded or used in a work dated 1572.

– Tomato is widely used in cooking, for example, in the form of sauces, soups, etc. However, currently the consumption of tomato juice is becoming fashionable. The taste is a good part of the explanation for this success, but also its positive effect on health, as it is used against constipation or to treat small intestinal problems. Discover a recipe for tomato juice
Furthermore, consuming a significant amount of fresh tomatoes (including cooked ones) would have a preventive effect on prostate cancer in humans.

– A study published in October 2012 showed that eating tomatoes significantly reduces the risk of stroke , as this fruit is rich in lycopene, a powerful fat-soluble antioxidant. The redder the tomato, the richer it is in lycopene.

The study was conducted in Finland on 1031 men aged 46 to 65 years. Blood lycopene levels were measured at baseline and participants were followed for an average of 12 years, during which time 67 had a stroke.

Among the 258 men with the lowest levels of lycopene in their blood, 25 had a stroke and among the 259 with the highest levels of this antioxidant, only 11 suffered.

The results were even more convincing when the researchers took into account that the stroke was caused by a blood clot, not hemorrhage.

Thus, participants with the highest levels of lycopene had a 59% lower risk of having a stroke due to a blood clot than participants with the lowest rates.

“This research reinforces the virtues of a diet rich in fruits and vegetables for reducing the risk of stroke,” says Jouni Karppi of the University of Finland Kuopio, the study’s lead author.

– An American study published in early 2014 showed that the adoption of a diet rich in tomatoes, with the consumption of at least 25 mg per day of lycopene (a substance present in tomatoes), by postmenopausal women reduces the risk of breast cancer , due to increased concentration of adiponectin. This hormone is associated with a decreased risk of breast cancer, according to previous studies. The American study was carried out by The Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center, in the United States, and analyzed 70 postmenopausal women. All of them had a risk of breast cancer, such as having cancer in the family or obesity.

– Researchers at Tokyo Medical University found that drinking 200 mL of tomato juice 2 times a day for 8 weeks decreases menopausal symptoms, including hot flashes, irritation and anxiety. This study was published in the Nutrition Journal on April 8, 2015.

Jeanne Kenney
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I’m a stylist trainer, a content creator, and an entrepreneur passion. Virgo sign and Pisces ascendant, I move easily between my dreams, the crazy world I want, and my feet on the ground to carry out my projects.

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