Turmeric (turmeric)

Summary

Medicinal plant with strong antioxidant effect, having a preventive action against cancer, can be found in powder or capsules.

names

Portuguese name: turmeric, turmeric, turmeric, curcuma
Binomial name: curcuma aromatica, curcuma longa
French name: curcuma , safran des Indes
English name: curcuma
German name: Curcuma

Family

Zingiberaceae (Zingiberaceae) – Same family as ginger

Constituents

Essential oil, curcumin (gives the orange color to the spice), polyphenols such as curcumin (with an antioxidant effect), turmerin.

Curcumin is a constituent (up to ∼5%) of turmeric.

parts used

dried rhizome

properties

Antioxidant , anti-inflammatory, bitter, anticoagulant, choleretic

Indications

– In cancer prevention , antioxidant action of curcumin (a compound of curcuma).
– Against rheumatism, thanks to its strong anti-inflammatory action, against arthrosis .
– Against excess cholesterol .
– Against gastric acidity, irritable bowel syndrome , “liver crisis”, Crohn’s disease .
– In dermatology, for local application (eg in the form of a poultice), saffron can help in the treatment of psoriasis  and eczema , mild to moderate burns (applied in the form of curcumin gel, it reduces symptoms and promotes healing, read more below under Notes).
– Potential prevention of Alzheimer’s disease (learn more in Observations).

Note : Attention the effectiveness of turmeric (and curcumin) especially against pain, inflammatory diseases and digestive disorders was questioned by an important study published in 2017 (more information on this subject in Observations, in the paragraph “Criticism of the effectiveness of turmeric”) .

Secundary effects

Gastric disorders (in high dose). Cases of hepatitis and liver damage related to the consumption of dietary supplements containing turmeric (turmeric) have also been observed, mainly in Italy. On June 27, 2022, in France, the National Agency for Food Sanitary Safety (ANSES – read original article ) warned against food supplements containing turmeric, potentially dangerous to health. In France, between 2009 and 2021, around ten cases of hepatitis linked to these products were identified, according to an article on the French website Doctissimo.fr published on June 29, 2022.

contraindications

Gastrointestinal disorders such as biliary tract obstruction, gallstones

Interactions

Possible interactions with anticoagulant drugs (which thin the blood), in reality, turmeric would have an anticoagulant effect. A risk of overdose with taking anticoagulants is theoretically possible, which could lead to bleeding.
When taking certain medications to control cancer, it is possible for interactions with turmeric to occur. The consequence may be that cancer drugs are less effective.

Preparations

– Saffron powder, to be consumed directly for internal use (for example: against gastritis) or for external use, in the form of a poultice.

– Turmeric poultice

– Turmeric capsule
In general, one should consume between 2 and 3 grams of turmeric per day, equivalent to the intake of 60 to 100 mg of curcumin. To improve memory and prevent Alzheimer’s disease (read below), take two 500mg curcumin capsules a day, recommended dose for a healthy adult.
In case of irritable bowel syndrome , take a capsule of 300 to 400mg of saffron active ingredients 3 times a day.

– Turmeric decoction

– Turmeric tincture

Where does turmeric grow?

Saffron originates from Asia and grows mainly in the India and Southeast Asia region. To develop, saffron needs a warm and humid climate.
A turmeric rhizome is about 10 cm long.
In Brazil, saffron grows easily in the northeast.

Harvest

Turmeric rhizomes are harvested a few months after planting, just after the leaves begin to dry.

– Saffron is a classic plant in Asian (Indian or Chinese) medicine, but in recent years it has made a media appearance in the West, due to its antioxidant action in cancer prevention.

– Saffron is naturally used in Indian cuisine and serves to give a yellowish color to dishes, however, currently it is more used as a spice.

– To increase the absorption of the curcumin found in turmeric, it is advisable to consume it at the same time as the piperine, found in black pepper .

– You should know that curcumin is an important antioxidant (against cancer) and anti-inflammatory of turmeric. Consumers can be induced to buy the powder for cooking at a rate of 3/4 grams per teaspoon, titrated to 5/6% curcumin, in which case people may not feel the benefits except on digestion. In fact, to obtain an anti-inflammatory effect the dose of curcumin must be extremely high. Ask your pharmacist for more information.

– In cases of arthrosis, it is advisable to consume 500mg capsules of turmeric (turmeric) twice a day. It is also recommended to take 4 grams of fish oil a day.

– India and China are the two main producers of turmeric (turmeric).

– A study published in February 2017 in the open access journal BioDiscovery showed that curcumin gel, an active ingredient in turmeric ( Curcuma aromatica or Curcuma longa ), after burns or scalding can reduce the severity of injuries, reducing pain, inflammation and improving healing, leading to fewer or no scars in the affected area. Curcumin acts by inhibiting the enzyme phosphorylase kinase, involved in inflammation. This study was conducted by Prof. Madalene Heng of the David Geffen School of Medicine at the renowned University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA).

– Turmeric, especially curcumin, can improve memory and also act in the prevention of Alzheimer’s disease. A study published January 19, 2018, in the American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry(DOI: 10.1016 / j.agp.2017.10.010), showed that daily consumption of some form of curcumin, found in curry, improved memory and mood. This study by researchers at the prestigious University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA) also showed an improvement in light and age-related memory loss in people who consume curry daily. In this UCLA study, the 40 participants did not consume curry, but took a dietary supplement twice daily for 18 months based on a form of curcumin, an important active ingredient in turmeric. No participants suffered from dementia such as Alzheimer’s disease, but they did suffer from mild memory problems. They were between 40 and 90 years old. This was a double blind study. In memory tests,

Critique of Turmeric (and Curcumin) Effectiveness

A study published on January 11, 2017 in the Journal of Medicinal Chemistry (DOI: 10.1021/acs.jmedchem.6b00975) came to the conclusion, analyzing more than 130 clinical trials that curcumin, the active ingredient in turmeric (curcuma), did not lead to any positive results. As a study abstract ( Abstract ) notes, no double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trials of curcumin have been successful. This 2017 study analyzed the essential medicinal chemistry of curcumin and provides evidence that curcumin is an unstable, reactive and non-bioavailable compound and therefore a highly unlikely lead in herbal medicine.

Jeanne Kenney
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I’m a stylist trainer, a content creator, and an entrepreneur passion. Virgo sign and Pisces ascendant, I move easily between my dreams, the crazy world I want, and my feet on the ground to carry out my projects.

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